University of Twente Student Theses


Effecten van de zelfhulpcursus ‘compassie als sleutel tot geluk’ op depressieklachten : de mediërende rollen van zelfkritiek en zelfcompassie

Shayesteh, M. (2017) Effecten van de zelfhulpcursus ‘compassie als sleutel tot geluk’ op depressieklachten : de mediërende rollen van zelfkritiek en zelfcompassie.

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Abstract:Background: Depression is a serious mental health problem because depression causes a reduced quality of life in humans. Self-criticism plays an important role in developing and perpetuating depression. Self-compassion, however, appears to protect against depression by countering the effects self-criticism. The aim of this study is to evaluate the extent to which self-guided help based on compassion focused therapy (CFT) can help combat symptoms of depression and bring the concepts of self-criticism and self-compassion to the non-clinical Dutch population. The mediating role played by self-criticism and self-compassion is also analysed. Method: The design of the study used a randomized control type (RCT) with one experimental condition (n = 97) and a waiting list as control (n = 101). Three assessments were made: the baseline, a 3-months post-assessment, and a 3-month follow-up. The study lasted a period of 6 months. Levels of depression were evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and self-criticism and self-compassion were measured using the Forms of Self Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS). Results: The experimental condition improved between the baseline and the 3-month follow-up significantly more on all the results when compared to the control. Further mediation analysis showed that the effect of compassionate intervention on depression symptoms was mediated by changes in self-criticism and self-compassion. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with previous studies, although these studies focused primarily on the effectiveness of CFT and Compassion Mind Therapy (CMT) as a psychotherapeutic treatment in a clinical population. However, little research has been done into the (guided) form of a self-help course as a compassionate intervention in a non-clinical population. In spite of the limitations that this research encountered, it is recommended to conduct further research into the (guided) self-help course as a compassionate intervention, preferably on equally, approached demographic characteristics in other target groups, such as people in a clinical population; earlier studies on compassion-targeted interventions in people in a clinical population have also shown positive effects.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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