University of Twente Student Theses


Leadership behaviors from student team leaders in emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation simulations

Swinkels, Tom (2017) Leadership behaviors from student team leaders in emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation simulations.

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Abstract:In case of cardiac pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) early initiation is critical. In these situations it is of utmost importance that the team immediately functions effectively to improve the CPR performance. In these situations a formal leader has an important role in quickly coordinating effective collaboration. Hence, the team leader has to provide structure for the team to enable high CPR team performance: clear team leader communication is pivotal. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine how Technical Medicine students, participating as team leader in resuscitation simulations, use team leader behaviors and closed-loop communication to increase the team performance. Video-observations and coding were employed to assess leader behavior. The tests did not result in significant differences in team leader behaviors between low and high performing teams. However, team leaders in high performing teams directed their commands, questions or inquires towards one specific individual significantly more often than team leaders in low performing teams. Additional exploratory analysis suggested that CLC complements effective communication. Furthermore, team leaders used significantly more commands early in the simulation, indicating that when basic tasks are distributed, team leader’s responsibilities shift from structuring the team and initiating tasks, to securing that the guidelines are followed.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
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