University of Twente Student Theses


The Relationship between Person-Environment fit, Grit, and Task performance: A mediation analysis

Vogelsang, K. (2018) The Relationship between Person-Environment fit, Grit, and Task performance: A mediation analysis.

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Abstract:Background: The global economy of the 21st century requires the enhancement of employee performance more than ever. Two factors, which have been identified as predictors of work-related performance, were combined into a conceptual model in this study. Person-Environment fit (P-E fit) theory states that the alignment between individuals’ characteristics and environmental aspects result in the enhancement of performance. The personality trait grit, which is defined as the ability to achieve performance with a high amount of stamina, has been identified as a predictor of performance more recently. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether grit mediates the relationship between P-E fit and performance. Additionally, was the aim to gain a deeper understanding whether grit can be influenced by third variables, which also predict performance, i.e. P-E fit. Therefore P-E fit and grit were combined as important predictors of task performance in this study. Method: In a cross-sectional study, the associative relationship between P-E fit, grit and task performance was examined. A sample of 153 employed participants, gathered by means of convenience sampling, completed a survey pertaining to their perceived P-E fit-, grit- and task performance-level. Results: The results indicated a statistically significant positive relationship between P-E fit, grit, and task performance. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that P-E fit as well as grit predicted employees’ task performance level. Furthermore, was grit found to be a significant mediator in the relationship between P-E fit and task performance. Conclusion: The results provide support for grit as predictor of performance and showed that grit can be influenced indeed. Grit explained, as a mediator, the underlying process through which P-E fit is associated with performance. Practical implications imply that interventions, which aim at increasing P-E fit, might be beneficial for the employee in order to deal with challenging work environments. It seems that by means of a good P-E fit, employees can make use of their grit more easily in order to achieve performance.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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