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Ethnic stereotyping in the media : an experimental study into the influence of negative and positive stereotypic information on attitudes towards ethnic groups and the memory of perpetrator information

Okken, J.K. (2018) Ethnic stereotyping in the media : an experimental study into the influence of negative and positive stereotypic information on attitudes towards ethnic groups and the memory of perpetrator information.

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Abstract:The frequent portrayal in the media of Muslims/people from the Middle East as perpetrators of terrorist attacks leads to the formation of stereotypes of Muslims and people from the Middle East as being a terrorist. Consequently, people develop strong anti-Arab attitudes. In addition, memory of stereotype-(in)consistent information becomes distorted. Within a 3 (type of perpetrator information: stereotype-consistent vs. stereotype-inconsistent vs. neutral) x 2 (exposure towards positive stereotypic information vs. no exposure towards positive stereotypic information) between-subjects factorial design, respondents were exposed to different news articles. Subsequently, respondents’ implicit attitudes towards Dutch White men and Arabic men from the Middle East were measured, as well as their explicit attitudes (perceived severity of the crime, feelings of hate towards the perpetrator, sentencing decisions, fear of crime and terrorism, distrust, prejudice, emotions), and memory. Findings of this study indicate that the different attitude components that were measured in this study (except from one) do not vary as a result of the type of perpetrator information respondents were exposed to. Secondly, exposure to positive stereotypic information does not seem to have any influence on respondents’ attitudes. Finally, findings show that perpetrator information that was stereotype-consistent or stereotype-inconsistent does not influence memory.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/74794
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