University of Twente Student Theses

Login

Exploratory study of alcohol dependent individuals and causes of drinking relapse by analyzing long-term Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) and interviews

Ellerkamp, S. (2018) Exploratory study of alcohol dependent individuals and causes of drinking relapse by analyzing long-term Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) and interviews.

[img] PDF
2MB
Abstract:The aim of the study is to identify whether stress, self-efficacy, craving and affect influences alcohol relapse. Previous literature proves the complexity of lapses. High levels of stress and craving is seen as a predictor of future lapses. Furthermore literature shows, that self-efficacy is especially low before drinking lapses. A negative affect is also seen as a predictor. Moreover studies highlight the usefulness to analyze data at the time before a lapse occurs. By analyzing week patterns it will be ensured to identify predictors of lapse. The data is extracted from an experiment, which was recorded over the course of 100 days. Four participants had to fill in a questionnaire every three hours. The questionnaire included questions about stress, self-efficacy, affect and craving. In total, the four participants recorded 36 lapses. In addition to this exit interviews of the participants were analyzed. The results show, that there are patterns of predictors regarding to lapses. However it was found, that there are stronger patterns on the day of the lapse than in the week before lapses. Moreover there are connections between predictors. Similarities as well as differences between the participants, regarding to drinking patterns could be identified by analyzing exit interviews. All variables in this EMA study appeared to have some predictive ability, when looking at the weeks prior to lapses across the four individuals. This predictive pattern seems even stronger when zooming in at days before lapses. Comparing the different predictors, craving, selfefficacy, and stress appeared the most consistent
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/74807
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page