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De ontwikkeling van mentaal tijdreizen in het dagelijks leven van jonge adolescenten: een reis naar de toekomst : een longitudinale kwalitatieve en kwantitatieve case studie aan de hand van Ecological Momentary Assessment methoden

Hagen, N. ten (2018) De ontwikkeling van mentaal tijdreizen in het dagelijks leven van jonge adolescenten: een reis naar de toekomst : een longitudinale kwalitatieve en kwantitatieve case studie aan de hand van Ecological Momentary Assessment methoden.

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Abstract:Background. Mental time travel received a lot of scientific attention during the past ten years. Scientific research revealed that future imagination plays an important role in our daily lives. It helps to guide our actions and motivates us to reach our goals. Therefore, we spent a lot of time thinking about our future, on conscious and unconscious levels. We anticipate on our future by using memories as a frame of reference. In this research two types of, so far separated research areas, focussing on conscious future imagination and unconscious future imagination will combined. This research is also innovative since it is conducted among young adolescents in their daily lives. Future-related skills play an important role during this phase of life. Two research questions are exanimated: 1) What patterns can be distinguished between the conscious memory and anticipation? and 2) How does the unconscious anticipation look like when made conscious?. Method. To capture these conscious and unconscious patterns a longitudinal qualitative and quantitative case study has been conducted. Six participants of 12 – 14 years participated for five weeks. They conducted five surveys per day with open ended- and closed ended questions in an application. To answer research question one the answers have been scored on the codes: specificity, intention came true, reflection builds on intention and intention builds on intention previous day. Research question two was analysed by quantifying the individual situation measurements, whereby patterns about the past, present and future were obtained. Results. The participants showed a lot of individual differences concerning conscious prospection and reflection. In most cases the young adolescents seemed capable to carry out their intentions and reflect on them. They showed different extends and types of reflective levels. Furthermore, it was found that the adolescents were capable to indicate whether their unconscious thoughts were related to the past, the present or the future. Whereas they showed differences in their trajectories, it was found that most unconscious thoughts were related to the present. Conclusions. It can be concluded that young adolescents are capable of imaging their future on conscious and unconscious levels. Large individual differences in the degree and nature of conscious future imagination can possibly be explained by cognitive development level. These individual variances advocate an individual approach in both research and practice. Further research could focus on the role and functions of conscious and unconscious future imagination in daily life. Moreover, research could also reveal how schools could support their students in developing these important skills.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Clients:
1995, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75115
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