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Witnessing fraud: reporting or intervening : moral emotions, moral values, self-efficacy, and threat to the social identity on reporting behavior and intervening behavior

Avest, A. Ter (2018) Witnessing fraud: reporting or intervening : moral emotions, moral values, self-efficacy, and threat to the social identity on reporting behavior and intervening behavior.

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Abstract:In the past, police were mainly responsible for the publics’ safety. Nowadays, local residents are increasingly responsible for a safe environment as well. It is important to know why people participate with the police so that these factors can be influenced and citizen participation in the police domain increases. This is important because maintaining safety will increasingly be a collaboration between the police and the citizens. This research was a first exploration of the influence from moral values, moral emotions, self-efficacy and threat to the social identity on reporting behavior and intervening behavior. The study consisted a lab experiment and two surveys. In the experiment the participant was confronted with fraudulent behavior of a confederate (the participant thought it was another participant). Correlations show that negative emotions (e.g. fear) have a positive relationship with feeling able to report. Positive emotions (e.g. pride) correlate positively with feeling able to intervene. Logistic regression showed a significant negative relationship between self-efficacy and reporting behavior. This means that someone that feels able to report is less likely to report. Further research is needed to see what the relationship will be when the subject pool is larger and with a different procedure.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75137
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