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Satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness and competence in relation to subjective well-being of professional caregivers in nursing homes

Nijland, S.A. (2018) Satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness and competence in relation to subjective well-being of professional caregivers in nursing homes.

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Abstract:Based on the self-determination theory, it was proposed that the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness and competence is positively related to well-being. This study has looked at the role of the three basic needs at work in relation to the subjective well-being of professional caregivers working in nursing homes. It was hypothesized that the satisfaction of each basis psychological need would have an equally strong and unique positive relation to subjective well-being. This was tested at 121 professional caregivers (mean age 42) that work on units for physically frail older adults at four Dutch nursing homes. A questionnaire survey design was used, measuring the satisfaction of the basic needs at work and subjective well-being, which consist of a cognitive (satisfaction with life) and affective part (positive and negative emotions). Results showed that all three needs were positively related to subjective well-being, with each need having an equally strong relation. Relatedness was uniquely associated with satisfaction with life, autonomy with negative emotions and competence with positive emotions. These results showed that the satisfaction of all three basic psychological needs is important for the subjective well-being of professional caregivers in nursing homes. The three basic needs were associated with different parts of subjective well-being. Supporting the needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence is positively related to both the well-being of the professional caregivers and the organizational success of the nursing homes and should therefore be considered carefully.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75180
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