University of Twente Student Theses


Health and sustainable employability : An explorative study on the relationship between positive health and sustainable employability.

Hag, Michelle van 't (2018) Health and sustainable employability : An explorative study on the relationship between positive health and sustainable employability.

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Abstract:BACKGROUND Health-related and demographical trends have an influence on organizations and society. This study contributes to insights on health, positive health and sustainable employability. The expectation is that a positive health model, created by Huber et al. has a relationship with or even affects sustainable employability. This positive health model is a different approach when compared with current definitions and models of health. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to gain more insight into the connection between health and sustainable employability. The overall research question is: What is the relationship between health and sustainable employability and to what extent is a positive health model an addition to current insights and measurements of sustainable employability? METHOD In this explorative study a literature review was conducted. Based on the theoretical findings, a conceptual model was created. In addition an empirical study was carried out to test hypotheses drawn from the literature review. A questionnaire has been compiled, based on the discussion tool associated with a positive health model and existing sustainable employability questionnaires. Respondents from seven Dutch SME companies in Overijssel were surveyed in point of the empirical research. From April 2017 to July 2017 a total of 118 employees completed the total questionnaire. RESULTS The literature review showed that health contributes to sustainable employability. No evidence was found on the relationship of the positive health model created by Huber et al. and sustainable employability. When both are applied as a questionnaire all positive health dimensions are positively related to sustainable employability. Regression analyses examined whether positive health and its dimensions, controlling for sociodemographic variables, predicted sustainable employability. While all six dimensions were significantly associated with sustainable employability in correlation analyses, only bodily functions, daily functioning and the spiritual dimension predicted sustainable employability in regression analyses. Additionally, no significant prediction was found by social demographic features on sustainable employability. KEY CONCLUSIONS Based on findings in the literature review it was expected that a positive health model contributes to sustainable employability when focusing on (creating) possibilities for current and future individual labor participation. The empirical study provided evidence of the expected relation between the positive health model and sustainable employability regarding sustainability, adaptability and responsibility. Follow-up research is needed to extensively investigate the relationships found and to produce generalizable results. In addition, the positive health model and questionnaire needs to be further examined and perhaps adjusted in order to subsequently be part of a sustainable employability questionnaires and sustainable employability policy. KEYWORDS Health; positive health; employability; sustainable employability;
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:TNW: Science and Technology
Subject:44 medicine, 85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Health Sciences MSc (66851)
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