University of Twente Student Theses

Login

Het two-continua model bij cliënten met PTSS

Oosterik, B.M. (2018) Het two-continua model bij cliënten met PTSS.

[img] PDF
714kB
Abstract:Background – Positive psychology and the two-continua model describe the importance of wellbeing besides the presence of psychopathology. Wellbeing has been studied in different clinical populations, except for people with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is aimed to investigate if the two-continua model also applies in a clinical sample of people with PTSD. Besides it aimed to study if gender, age and country of birth, defined as western versus non-western countries, are moderators of the relation between psychopathology and wellbeing and if their average scores differ. Method – The current study is cross-sectional and used an existing dataset from Mediant mental healthcare of people with the primary classification PTSD (n=583). Data is used from the Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) database measured at baseline before start of treatment. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), the PTSD-symptom scale and the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) were used. The current study is representative for the clinical population of people with PTSD. Results – Results show a relatively strong correlation (r = -.60) between psychopathology and wellbeing. Gender, age and country of birth do not moderate the relation between psychopathology and wellbeing. Last, there are no significant differences in average scores on psychopathology and wellbeing based on gender and age, but there are significant differences in average scores on country of birth (p <.01). People born in non-western countries report significantly more complaints and significantly less wellbeing. Conclusion – There is evidence for the two-continua model in the current sample, although less conclusive than in previous research among other populations. Even though wellbeing and psychopathology are stronger correlated than in other populations, this correlation is still lower than the correlation between general and specific complaints. The results indicate that PTSD as a population may diverge from other populations when we focus at psychopathology and wellbeing. Future studies should point out which factors could explain the different average scores on psychopathology and wellbeing based on country of birth.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75854
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page