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Basic psychological needs satisfaction in Dutch Nursing Homes

Verhardt, H.A. (2018) Basic psychological needs satisfaction in Dutch Nursing Homes.

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Abstract:Older adults who have reached the stage where they cannot take normal care of themselves will experience reduction in getting their needs and wishes satisfied. This raises the question of how being in a nursing home makes this better or worse. Based on the Basic Psychological Needs Theory, this research aims to explore present-day’s fulfilment of autonomy, relatedness and competence according to perspectives of residents and their informal caregivers in somatic departments. A qualitative research was conducted with nine residents and their informal caregivers. Semi-structured interviews explored perceptions on current satisfaction, fulfilment, barriers and support of the three basic psychological needs in somatic departments. Contrary to expectations, results indicated that residents and their informal caregivers were generally positive about need fulfilment. Opportunities for basic psychological need fulfilment occured during care moments, eating moments and spare time. The results of this study present a detailed overview of the perspectives of residents and their informal caregivers on how, when and who fulfills the three basic psychological needs in somatic departments. Informal caregivers were also able to identify barriers of need fulfilment and made suggestions on how to support these needs. According to residents and their informal caregivers, the three basic psychological needs are intertwined in nursing homes and influence each other. Acces to nature was thought to be another important addition to the three needs. Current findings can be used in future research, intervention development and for updating measurement tools.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75950
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