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Effects of a gratitude intervention on mental well-being : the mediating role of stress

Völler, S. L. K. (2018) Effects of a gratitude intervention on mental well-being : the mediating role of stress.

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Abstract:As only 37 % of the Dutch population experiences high mental well-being it is important to investigate whether positive psychology interventions are a meaningful resource for well-being. Within this study, the effectiveness of a brief self-help gratitude intervention in enhancing total, emotional, social, and psychological well-being, as well as in decreasing stress was examined. Moreover, the mediating role of stress on the effect of a gratitude intervention on well-being was explored. A sample of 118 participants of the general population (mean age = 50.43, 90.7 % female) were randomly allocated to a gratitude intervention (n = 51) or wait-list control condition (n = 67). Participants completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, after six weeks and after twelve weeks. Mixed ANOVAs revealed significant improvements of total, emotional, social, and psychological well-being after six weeks, and further significant reductions of stress after twelve weeks in the gratitude intervention condition compared to the wait-list control condition. Mediation analyses demonstrated a significant mediating role of stress on the effect of the intervention on psychological well-being. Consequently, gratitude interventions appeared to be an important resource for mental well-being and can thus be implemented as public intervention in the Dutch population.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76181
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