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Getting to grips with exam fraud : a qualitative study towards developing an evidence based educational data forensics protocol.

Ommering, C.J. van (2018) Getting to grips with exam fraud : a qualitative study towards developing an evidence based educational data forensics protocol.

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Abstract:Combating exam fraud before it occurs is often described as ideological and unattainable. On the other hand, it is described as a vital step to preserve the integrity of the exam. Hence, the question among practitioners is: ‘How do we get to grips with exam fraud’. For this reason, eX:plain, a Dutch testing agency, developed a data forensics monitor. This monitor analyses response data using multiple fraud indices. Subsequently, practitioners must be able to act on indications of exam fraud. This design research was focused on developing standards covering the entire process of examination to limit the chances of security risks (e.g., the prevention of exam fraud as much as possible, and detection by means of data forensics), together these standards form the Educational Data Forensics Protocol. Two research questions guided this study. The first question, which standards regarding preventing and detecting fraud in the process of examination need to be included into the EDF protocol? In addition, practitioners must be able to act on indications of exam fraud based on these standards. Therefore, a second research question was formulated, namely which conditions must be considered during development of the EDF protocol to support practitioners in detecting possible gaps in the security of their examination process? The EDF protocol was developed and validated in five consecutive steps. This thesis analyses on the theoretical base of developing the EDF protocol (Step 1) and the considerations for developing a prototype (Step 2). The prototype was being validated (e.g., establishing correctness of the content) through seven semi-structured interviews with content experts in the field of either test security or data forensics (Step 3). Statements from these interviews were used to adjust in the prototype to finalize the EDF protocol (Step 4). Finally, to determine the practical value, the final version of the EDF protocol was used to flag gaps in the security of the exam process and determine possible security risks for one of eX:plain’ s exam programs (Step 5).
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
eX:plain, Amersfoort
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76206
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