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The effect of team cohesion on team performance and the role of problem-solving strategies in teams During a CPR simulation

Poort, Aniek (2018) The effect of team cohesion on team performance and the role of problem-solving strategies in teams During a CPR simulation.

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Abstract:Teams performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have to act quickly and engage in effective teamwork to increase survival chances of the patient. Not only technical skills identified by protocol are relevant in CPR, but teamwork skills are required as well. Part of these teamwork skills is interaction. So far, not a lot of research has ben done about what types of interaction leads to higher team performance in CPR. Earlier research in other domains showed that more cohesive teams perform better and certain types of interaction lead to higher team performance, this study tried to establish whether this also accounts for CPR teams. From literature, planning, decision-making, and information sharing were identified as problem-solving strategies in interaction. It was hypothesized that more cohesive teams would perform better than less cohesive teams, and that this relation would be mediated using problem-solving strategies. In this observational study, video data of 17 student teams performing CPR in a simulated setting was coded. Also, team members filled in a scale on team cohesion and team performance was assessed by two expert raters. There was little variance on team cohesion, which was high for all teams. It was therefore not surprising that team cohesion did not predict team performance or the use of problem-solving strategies. Lag sequential analysis showed little differences in problem-solving strategies between high and low performing teams. Furthermore, mediation analysis showed no mediating effect for all problem-solving strategies in the team cohesion – team performance relation. Findings from this study indicate that much is still unclear regarding effective interaction in high performing CPR teams and the role of team cohesion. Perhaps the time that students spend on practicing during the course, could be a contributing factor.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Unknown organization, Enschede, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
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