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Adding motivational features to Demonstration-Based Training videos for English grammar learning among college students from China

Huang, G. (2018) Adding motivational features to Demonstration-Based Training videos for English grammar learning among college students from China.

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Abstract:The purpose of demonstration based training (DBT) videos is to provide step-by-step procedures that teach students certain knowledge. These demonstration based videos have been proposed and designed for software training among Western audiences and Chinese audiences due to previous studies indicating that, demonstration videos drastically enhanced task performance and self-efficacy. In addition, with support from declarative advanced organizers, these videos can moderately shrink the gap between task practice and knowledge learning. The present study further explored the effectiveness of DBT videos in Second-language Grammar learning among college students in China. The control condition of the study used demonstrations only in exploring the effectiveness of the DBT videos. In the experimental condition, participants watched the demonstrations and the motivational features to investigate if the use of optimized videos to enhances learning outcomes. The study involved a pre-test performance(before watching the videos), mid-test performance(directly after watching the videos) and delayed-test performance(ten days later) and also explored attitudes regarding self-efficacy; relevance, satisfaction, usefulness, and ease of use. The study was conducted in the Faculty of Physics of Wuhan Polytechnic University in China and the experiment involved 60 participants between the ages of 18 and 21 years old. All the participants were divided into two groups, a control group of 30 students and an experimental group of equal number (30 students). The data analysis from this study revealed that learning outcomes for both the control group and experimental group significantly improved. Furthermore, the study revealed a significant enhancement in the delayed test in the experimental group. Nevertheless, comparable with the control group, the study also revealed that, the participants in the experimental group have no significantly improved positive attitudes towards the videos in terms of self-efficacy; relevance, satisfaction, usefulness, and ease of use. Instead, the students from both control and experimental conditions were quite satisfied with the SBT videos with and without motivational features. Hence, it was concluded that DBT videos could be used as salient contributions to language learning area among college students from China in terms of learning outcomes, moreover, whether motivational features were added did not matter a lot in respect of enhancing students’ attitude. Additional research regarding DBT is imperative to investigate interventions that improve learning and training in some other domains among other types of students.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76440
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