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The influence of age and implicit theories of ability on children’s attitudes towards curiosity : a survey study

Ernst, B.T.M. (2018) The influence of age and implicit theories of ability on children’s attitudes towards curiosity : a survey study.

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Abstract:This paper presents an empirical research of the possible decrease of attitudes towards curiosity of children and whether implicit beliefs could possibly influence these attitudes. Using the Children’s Images of and Attitudes towards Curiosity (CIAC) questionnaire and the Mindset questionnaire, we empirically examined attitude towards curiosity and implicit beliefs. A large-scale survey study was conducted in grade 4, 5 and 6 of primary schools and grade 1 and 2 from secondary schools. The questionnaires were first successfully validated for both primary and secondary education using two exploratory factor analyses per questionnaire. After this, five separate ANOVA analyses (2 x 2 x 2) were conducted with the between subject factors primary versus secondary education, high or low incremental belief and high or low entity belief. The results showed that no statistical significant decline took place in children’s attitudes towards curiosity between primary and secondary education with a noteworthy effect size, but that within primary and secondary education the attitudes towards curiosity subscale ‘societal relevance’ significantly declined with a small effect size. Furthermore, our results also showed, although the effect sizes are small, that children’s incremental beliefs influence children’s scores on the attitude towards curiosity subscales personal inclination and societal relevance.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76578
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