University of Twente Student Theses


Systematic review of spiritual well-being scales

Lalajants, Artjom (2018) Systematic review of spiritual well-being scales.

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Abstract:Throughout the years the concept of well-being has been an important focus in the scientific world and various instruments were developed that measured this concept and proved their worth in terms of reliability and validity. In scientific literature well-being is often described as a combination of the emotional, psychological and social well-being. However, beside these aspects of well-being various studies indicate that the aspect of spirituality is equally important in the assessment of well-being. Therefore, in order to improve well-being, we should be able to accurately measure this construct, including aspect of spirituality. In this study the most frequently used spiritual well-being scales were systematically identified and reviewed on their psychometric properties. The two most frequently used scales were selected for review; the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp) and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS). Subsequently, for each scale key articles were selected in order to review the methodology of these articles and consequently draw conclusions regarding their psychometric properties in terms of content validity and hypotheses testing (or construct validity). The methodology of the key articles was reviewed using the COSMIN checklist and “worst score counts” principle. The results implied a poor rating of the methodology, which means that on the basis of the key articles the psychometric qualities of the instruments have not been sufficiently evaluated. This means that a (part of) information is missing about the way in which the content and construct validity has been developed in the key articles. This present study also contributed to the knowledge that earlier research in the field of spiritual well-being usually took place in the clinical context. Finally, the results of this study indicate that alternatives for the COSMIN checklist and “worst score counts” principle may contribute to a more appropriate conclusion regarding the review of the methodology. For future research it may also be useful to pay more attention to the less frequently used spiritual well-being scales, which may provide important insights in the usefulness of the less frequently used scales.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Unknown organization, Almelo
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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