University of Twente Student Theses

Login

A feasibility study of electric cars powered by solar energy : The cases of The Netherlands, Norway and Brazil

Santana, Tiago de (2018) A feasibility study of electric cars powered by solar energy : The cases of The Netherlands, Norway and Brazil.

[img] PDF
6MB
Abstract:Transportation is a large source of CO2 emissions on the planet due to the required combustion of fossil fuels in vehicles with an internal combustion engine (ICE). Electric Vehicles (EVs), on the other hand, offer a low CO2 emission alternative to ICE powered vehicles. However, EVs can become even more sustainable when charged by sustainable electricity. The analysis was carried out by taking into consideration three different countries namely The Netherlands, Norway and Brazil within a time horizon of 10 years. A model was developed in order to calculate the energy produced and consumed every hour, during the entire analysis period. Coupling solar PV and EV can reduce the carbon intensity to 13 and 5 gCO2-equivalent/km in The Netherlands and Brazil respectively. In Norway, because of its very sustainable electricity mix, an EV entirely powered by the grid has a carbon intensity of 1.6 gCO2-equivalent/km While providing all the energy required by the car with solar PV is not economically viable yet, small/medium solar PVs, which use the grid to back up them, are perfectly feasible. In all three countries analyzed, using EV has the potential to decrease significantly transport CO2 emissions, with and without a PV system.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:43 environmental science, 50 technical science in general, 52 mechanical engineering, 55 traffic technology, transport technology
Programme:Sustainable Energy Technology MSc (60443)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76917
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page