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Us, Them and We: The Effect of Nested and Cross-cutting Common Ingroup Identities on Outgroup Attitudes

Jonker, Tim (2018) Us, Them and We: The Effect of Nested and Cross-cutting Common Ingroup Identities on Outgroup Attitudes.

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Abstract:Objective: Expanding on the conceptual model of Aksoy (2017), this study compared the effects of nested and cross-cutting CIIs on outgroup attitudes by measuring social identity complexity, ingroup projection, distinctiveness and intergroup threat as mediators. Additionally, Subgroup Identification was included as a moderator and the main expectation of the study was that the cross-cutting CII would lead to more positive outgroup attitudes than the nested CII. Method: Among 141 participants, an online survey was conducted that measured both outgroup attitudes and the above mentioned mediators and moderator. Results: Analyses showed no significant differences between nested and cross-cutting CIIs and their effect on outgroup attitudes. Nonetheless, against expectation, the nested CII led to less ingroup projection than the cross-cutting CII and type of subgroup significantly interacted with ingroup projection, distinctiveness threat and intergroup threat. Conclusion: Replicating most of Aksoy's findings, Subgroup Identification among the participants were not adequate. However, future research should test the model among real or existing groups to ensure higher levels of identification and contribute to the research on nested and cross-cutting CIIs and its effect on outgroup attitudes.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/76938
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