University of Twente Student Theses


The influence of depth in reflections during a gratitude intervention

Moeller, Tim (2018) The influence of depth in reflections during a gratitude intervention.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Written reflection tasks are common elements in therapeutic interventions. However, it remains unclear, if and how the reflections contribute to the effectiveness of the interventions. This explorative study investigates first, the effectiveness of a self-help gratitude intervention and second, the role of reflections within this intervention and the influence of reflective depth on mental well-being (emotional, social & psychological), gratitude and positive and negative emotions. 54 participants from the general public took part in a validated 6-weeks gratitude intervention and wrote a reflection on their progress on a weekly basis. The reflections were analysed with the REFLECT Rubric, a coding scheme consisting of 5 dimensions, to evaluate written reflections. Mental well-being was measured with the Mental Health Continuum- Short Form (MHC-SF), positive and negative emotions with the modified Differential Emotions Scale (mDES). Gratitude was measured with Short Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (SGRAT) on a pre- and post-test measurement. Paired-sample t-tests indicate positive effects of the intervention on mental well-being, gratitude and positive respectively negative emotions. Correlational analyses revealed weak correlations between reflective depth and improvements in emotional well-being and positive emotions. The results indicate that the stimulation of deep reflecting within interventions can help to improve their effectiveness.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page