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Compassion-based interventions for people with (chronic) physical diseases : A systematic review on effects and experiences

Imani, K. (2019) Compassion-based interventions for people with (chronic) physical diseases : A systematic review on effects and experiences.

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Abstract:The prevalence of physical diseases is rising, and people are facing challenges in coping with the impact of their disease. Furthermore, compassion seems to be beneficial in mitigating the negative impact of diseases and there is a growing interest and quick uptake of compassion-based interventions. However, little is known about compassion interventions for this population. This systematic review investigated what compassion interventions exists and what the effect and beneficial experiences are regarding mental health, physical health and coping. Four electronic databases were searched using adapted search terms from previous reviews on compassion interventions. Seventeen studies were identified as eligible and were included. The review followed the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. Results indicated positive effects and experiences regarding mental health, including one adverse experience of the intervention, triggering anxiety. The data on physical health and coping outcomes was too limited to draw conclusions, yet few studies suggested positive effects regarding physical health. However, the overall quality of included studies was low, and results need to be treated with caution. Future research is needed to investigate the promising effects of compassion and should focus on physical health in people with physical diseases as a crucial indication of overall well-being.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77183
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