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Tiny houses Movement and LCA of Tiny Houses in the Netherlands : Case Study of Tiny Houses in the Netherlands

Verhoeven, V.M.G. (2019) Tiny houses Movement and LCA of Tiny Houses in the Netherlands : Case Study of Tiny Houses in the Netherlands.

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Abstract:Purpose The main objective of this report is to describe the Tiny House Movement in the Nether- lands and to examine the impact on the global warming of construction and insulation materials which are used for a tiny house. The assessment might support new tiny house owners in their material choice. Methods This study consists of a life cycle assessment, cradle-to-gate, of three tiny houses: one built with only new materials (Case A), one built with only reclaimed materials (Case B) and one tiny house built with new and reclaimed materials (Case C). The cradle-to-gate phase enclose the raw material extraction, manufacture construction and insulation materials, transport of the V. Verhoeven Drienerlolaan 5 7522 NB The Netherlands E-mail: v.m.g.verhoeven@student.utwente.nl S. Bhochhibhoya Drienerlolaan 5 7522 NB The Netherlands Tel.: +31534894254 Supervisor E-mail: s.bhochhibhoya@utwente.nl M. Winkler Dienstweg 5 7522ND Enschede The Netherlands Tel.: +31534894041 Supervisor E-mail: m.j.winkler@utwente.nl B. Marechal Dienstweg 5 7522ND Enschede The Netherlands Tel.: +31534891855 Supervisor E-mail: b.marechal@utwente.nl raw materials to the manufacture, transport from the shop to the building site, transport from the building site to the living site and the electricity use for the used tools. The calculations of the life cycle assessment are done with the GaBi Education Software in combination with the GaBi ecoinvent Database and literature. The functional unit is formulated as kg CO2/m2, for a lifes- pan of 50 years. Results and Discussion Sheep Wool has the highest im- pact on the global warming potential per squared me- ter. And the results show that the transport has a low environmental impact in comparison with manufacturing of the materials. The use of products coming from animals is open to question, in this study the Sheep Wool is considered as main product and not as byprod- uct which results in a higher environmental impact of the Sheep Wool. Conclusions Buying materials not far away is more en- vironment friendly. This study also showed that as- sumed byproducts needs a second thought: "Are the materials actually a byproduct in the manufacturing process or are they main products nowadays"?
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:20 art studies
Programme:Industrial Design BSc (56955)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77234
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