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How do Animal Assisted Interventions promote well-being of children with autism spectrum disorder? : A systematic review

Hege, Lea (2019) How do Animal Assisted Interventions promote well-being of children with autism spectrum disorder? : A systematic review.

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Abstract:Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) has been suggested as a possible treatment for children with autism. In this systematic literature review the focus was on the possibilities to increase well-being of autistic children with the help of AAI. To measure well-being, the PERMA model was used with its components positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning and accomplishment. This study thus answered the research questions (1) What are the characteristics of an AAI for children with ASD? (2) What are the characteristics of the studies investigating AAI for children with ASD? (3) Does AAI improve well-being of children with ASD? In the literature search on the 29th October 2018, 18 studies were identified. The results show, that the description of the different interventions varied a lot between the studies. No study replicated the same setting, type of animal, duration or intervention. The methodological quality was weak with no robust study designs. 17 studies reported outcomes concerning relationship, six concerning positive emotions and engagement, 10 concerning accomplishment and one concerning meaning. In general many positive outcomes from AAI were found that contribute to increased well-being. These results have to be regarded carefully, due to the poor methodological quality and description of the AAI.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77317
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