University of Twente Student Theses


Implementation of Forest Certification in Small Farm Community Forest in Gunung Kidul Regency, Indonesia

Purwanto, Agus (2016) Implementation of Forest Certification in Small Farm Community Forest in Gunung Kidul Regency, Indonesia.

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Abstract:The community forest is potential alternative in the development of sustainable forestry, particularly in forest and land rehabilitation and as income boost for communities life near forest. Obstacles faced in the development of comunity forests is related to the issue of global warming and eco-labeling, which requires certified wood as a condition to enter international timber market. Community forest management unit in Gunung Kidul, which is managed by the local community has been proven that people have been able to manage forests sustainably by using FSC or TLVS forest certification. This study aims to: (1) analyze the implementation of FSC and TLVS forest certification both in sustainable community forest management; (2) to analyze the factors that led farmers interested in following the FSC and TLVS certification; (3) Find social, economic and environmental impact of both certification FSC and TLVS. Research shows that implementation of forest certification, factors that influence the participation of farmers and forest management unit to follow TLVS and FSC certification was based on the factor of awareness of protecting the environment, in hopes of getting a premium price, and the assistance of external institution. Although farmers in the management units have an awareness of protecting the environment but they are not willing to do a certification at their own expense . In term of economic aspect , the cost of preparation, assessment, and surveillance to be paid if the certifying potentially reduce the profitability of the concession of the people while there is no premium price. Certification costs Rp 40 million every three years for TLVS and 13,000 US $ for FSC certification once every 5 years in those years in which the farmers do not get results instanty because timber harvesting is done at the end of the cycle, namely in the year to 8 to the 20th year. On the other hand, the certification provides economic benefits that more and more help for example in the form of financial assistance and crop seeds since the visits of government and non-governmental agencies. Look from the aspect of social impact, although there has been no institutional strengthening but the certification successfully established institutional potential to be developed further, deliver increased processing capacity of forest products, development of partnerships between farmers and other institutions, and improving farmer knowledge about community forest. The environmental benefits gained from the development of mitigation of the environmental effects of the use of forests and an increase in the measurement of the conservation of biodiversity, ecological functions, such as water cycle in Gunung Kidul.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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