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The overlap between well-being and recovery : A systematic comparison

Holschneider, Tatjana (2019) The overlap between well-being and recovery : A systematic comparison.

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Abstract:Background. Increasing confusion around the concepts of well-being and recovery has emerged in literature and clinical practice. Mental health care users demand more recovery-oriented practice but treatment, as clinicians call for, also needs to be scientifically validated. To clear some of this confusion, this paper aims at exploring the differences and overlaps between the approaches of psychological well-being (PWB) and personal recovery (PR) and how they might be combinable in clinical practice. Methods. A systematic comparison was conducted. Three aspects of PWB and PR were considered: (1) existing models (2) measurement tools (3) treatment programmes. For each aspect two representing materials were compared. Results and Discussion. A great overlap between the approaches of PWB and PR was found in underlying values toward the meaning and expression of well-being. Yet, differences dominated, and the approaches were not interchangeable. Historically, PWB originated from researchers and clinicians. In contrast, PR emerged through the empowerment movement led by mental health care users demanding more holistic treatment. The PWB approach corresponds to clinical recovery and cultivates the traditional gap in power relations between the “patient” and therapist, while in the PR approaches the “patient” is called “mental health care service user”, who is seen as on par with health care workers. PR advocates the possibility living and being well without complete symptom remission, while in the PWB approach mental illness is seen as incompatible with PWB. Conclusion. Research is needed to explore how the service users’ demand for a more holistic and recovery-oriented care, and the need of scientifically validated guidelines on the other hand, can be integrated best in clinical practice. Together, the approaches could work towards a future that is less pathology-focused and more person-centered, to enable all individuals to live meaningful and enjoyable lives.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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