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Identification of Systemic Problems of Sumba Iconic Island, A Renewable Energy Initiative

Ratri, D.P. (2016) Identification of Systemic Problems of Sumba Iconic Island, A Renewable Energy Initiative.

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Abstract:This research identifies systemic problems in the implementation of Sumba Iconic Island, a pilot renewable energy island initiative in Indonesia. Since the inauguration of the project in 2010, Sumba Iconic Island had increased the electrification ratio from 24% to 42% in 2016. Yet, there remains a substantial gap between renewable energy potential and current implementation. In this context, the research aims to make a contribution. This research combines structural and functional analysis of innovation system approach. In particular, fulfillment of three systems functions most relevant to Sumba case is explored: entrepreneurial activities, knowledge development and diffusion, and mobilization of resources. The data are gathered through semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders. The performance of ‘entrepreneurial activities’ function is evaluated at the level of weak, ‘knowledge development and diffusion’ function at at the level of moderate, and ‘mobilization of resources' function at the level of weak. Further examination of the weakness of those system functions discovers specific systemic problems. Examples of systemic problems are: (i) Absence of feed-in-tariff and other expected government support for private sector, (ii) Insufficient frequency of continuous capacity building and awareness raising, and (iii) Insufficient capacity of public and private stakeholders to pool financial resources for the purpose of increasing the implementation. These findings indicate the urgent need to design an integrated systemic policy framework to address the problems in a more orchestrated manner.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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