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Perceived Stress, Depression and Anxiety in University Students: The Role of Resilience

Reh, Leonie (2019) Perceived Stress, Depression and Anxiety in University Students: The Role of Resilience.

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Abstract:Objective: An increase in student’s mental health problems and a respective increase in students’ levels of perceived stress becomes more apparent in recent literature. In previous research, resilience has demonstrated to serve as a preventative measure that protects students from stress and mental health issues. The objective of this research is to examine whether resilience has a preventative function of stress, depression, and anxiety in a student sample. Method: The study was a cross-sectional study that examined levels of perceived stress and resilience and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a student sample of the University of Twente (N=1246). In this study, correlation analyses between resilience, perceived stress, depression, and anxiety were examined. Results: Consistent with previous research, the results of this research showed that resilience was significantly negatively correlated with the level of perceived stress and the tested psychopathological symptoms (p < .01). Due to the significant correlations, it was assumed that resilience has a moderating and a mediating effect on the relationship between perceived stress and depression, and anxiety. The findings show that resilience has no mediating effect but a significant moderating effect on the investigated relationship. Conclusion: Despite the disapproval of the expectation that resilience has a mediating effect and that the findings show that resilience has no meaningful moderating effect in this sample, this study, nevertheless, provides considerable insight into the advantages of resilience. The benefits of using this study as a longitudinal study and designing a possible intervention that strengthens student’s resilience are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78148
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