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Need-Satisfaction of the Components of the Self-Determination Theory and its Reflection in Psychological Well-Being : Exploring the Fulfilment of the Needs of the SDT on basis of the Life Story Interview

Hackmann, Marieke (2019) Need-Satisfaction of the Components of the Self-Determination Theory and its Reflection in Psychological Well-Being : Exploring the Fulfilment of the Needs of the SDT on basis of the Life Story Interview.

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Abstract:Fulfilling the needs of the Self-Determination Theory has a positive influence on well-being. This need-satisfaction can be explored on basis of past experiences in different domains. One domain is nursing care, where the importance of satisfying the needs relatedness, competence, and autonomy was pointed out before. This might also be the case in other domains, for instance in older adult’s care. Therefore, the current study investigates the need-satisfaction of relatedness, competence, and autonomy and its reflection within psychological well-being for people above the age of 75. Participants administered the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS), which includes the same components as the SDT as subscales and determinants for a high psychological well-being. Additionally, it has been explored whether the three components of the SDT were facilitated or hindered during a person’s lifetime on the basis of the Life Story Interview. Afterwards, the scores of the PWBS and the findings of the analysis of the Life Story Interview were compared. The findings illustrate a high psychological well-being for all participants. Additionally, when participants showed a high frequency of facilitating factors for competence, relatedness, or autonomy also the corresponding sub scale showed a higher score. Concluding, facilitating the fulfilment of the needs of the SDT within life stories corresponds with a high psychological well-being. The findings illustrate the importance of paying attention to need-satisfaction of autonomy, relatedness, and competence to enhance the psychological well-being in different domains.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78162
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