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Mind full or Mindful: Assessing the Effectiveness of Different Short-term Mindfulness Meditation Methods on Emotion Regulation Skills

Bernhardt, Marilena (2019) Mind full or Mindful: Assessing the Effectiveness of Different Short-term Mindfulness Meditation Methods on Emotion Regulation Skills.

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Abstract:There is accumulative evidence that mindfulness meditation fosters emotion-regulation ability through the cultivation of attention and self-awareness, however the most beneficial shortterm meditation method in terms of dosage and timing is yet unknown. Within this three-week experimental study, the effect of short-term mindfulness meditation as a response to emotional distress (AR, n = 9) was compared to weekly fixed schedule meditation (FS, n = 8) in terms of enhancing emotion relegation skills in a student sample. A total of 30 participants (mean age = 22, 50% female) of which 8 had prior meditation experience of six months (LME, n = 8), and 22 had no prior meditation experience were randomly allocated into groups (AR, FS, control), except for the LME group. Participants completed a self-report pre- and post-questionnaire at baseline and at three weeks, and continuous self-report documentation across three weeks. Repeated measures analysis revealed no significant increase in emotion regulation ability in either experimental condition over three weeks (F(2, 19) = 1.4, p = .27) Exploratory analysis was done because of the small sample size and indicated the highest improvement in emotion regulation skills in the AR-condition group. The comparison group with at least six months experience was found to have significantly better emotion regulation skills than either shortterm intervention condition (F(2, 21) = 7.44, p = .01). Small sample size, homogeneity of sample, restricted time-resources, and reliance on self-report measurements call for caution in ascribing explanatory power or generalizability to the results. Short-term mindfulness meditation over three weeks might be considered as ineffective to noticeably increase emotions regulation skills. However, further research is necessary to extract the most beneficial while excluding ineffective mindfulness meditation methods in terms of emotion regulation.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78164
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