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Illness perceptions and depression after stroke

Kölsch, S.J. (2019) Illness perceptions and depression after stroke.

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Abstract:In the current study, it was investigated both the development of illness perceptions and depressive symptoms as well as the correlation of the respective constructs. Depression in stroke patients is a well-known phenomenon, which negatively impacts the course of the disease. Furthermore, earlier findings showed that illness perceptions are related to depressive symptoms in several diseases. However, the relation between the two constructs has never been examined with a sample of stroke patients. Therefore, it was executed a prospective observational cohort study with 51 stroke patients. It was examined the relation between depressive symptoms and illness perceptions as well as the development of the separate constructs. The constructs were assessed by means of questionnaires that were filled out one week after stroke, 3, 6 and 12 months after study onset. The main findings were that there is no significant change in the mean scores of the respective constructs over time. Furthermore, there were found multiple strong correlations between illness perceptions and depressive symptoms at several time points. The results have to be considered carefully because there was a high dropout rate. Consequently, only 25 participants finished the study to the end, and a selective dropout may have biased the results. Concludingly, the present study found a strong positive relation between perceived threat of the illness and depressive symptoms, which indicates that on average the more threatening stroke patients perceive their illness the more depressive symptoms they have and vice versa.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:44 medicine, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78171
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