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Practicing VOM in VR – Predictors of the Intention to Use VR

Veltmann, J.F. (2019) Practicing VOM in VR – Predictors of the Intention to Use VR.

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Abstract:The study deals with factors predicting the Use of Virtual Reality (VR) as preparation for Victim-offender Mediation (VOM). It is useful in order to remove occurring insecurities about the process and feelings of anger and anxiety. Factors are taken from the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Additionally, the factors knowledge and involvement with VR and personal innovativeness in the domain of technology are tested which were included in neither TAM nor TPB. It was part of the research to find out if those factors predict the intention to use VR to get acquainted with VOM, as limited knowledge about this specific topic is known so far. The factors perceived ease of use, perceived behavioural control, perceived usefulness, personal innovativeness and knowledge and involvement of the user were expected to predict the intention to use VR to get acquainted with VOM. Furthermore, an interaction effect with anxiety and anger was predicted. An online survey was conducted with students and people from the researcher's network (N=110). An imaginary crime scenario was presented to them, and they were introduced to the VR application. Afterward, they had to answer questions regarding their opinion on this technology and their intention to use the VR application and intention to participate in VOM in general. Results were in line with the expectations, perceived ease of use of the VR application, perceived usefulness of the VR application and personal innovativeness in the domain of technology are positive predictors for the intention to use VR to get acquainted with VOM. However, perceived behavioural control of the VR application and knowledge and involvement with VR were no predictors. An interaction effect between the knowledge and involvement and Anger and was found. A revision of the study by actually using VR would be useful to complement other studies and add to the further development of VOM as proper preparation is an important factor for sufficient participation in the process.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78179
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