University of Twente Student Theses


The Influence of the Positive and Negative Dimensions of Self-Compassion on the Engagement in Physical Activity

Kalkofen, Maja (2019) The Influence of the Positive and Negative Dimensions of Self-Compassion on the Engagement in Physical Activity.

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Abstract:Engaging in health promoting behaviors has been a focal point for research during the past years. Worldwide, people are not sufficiently engaging in physical activity, even though the risks of not undertaking the health behavior are immense. Thus, there is an urgency to find new ways of encouraging and aiding people to immerse in physical activity. Research has provided evidence that self-compassion is associated with health protective behaviors, therefore this study’s purpose was to determine how the two dimension of self- compassion, that is self-coldness and self-compassion, are associated with physical activity. Pearson correlations revealed that physical activity measured by the WBI-PA is significantly weak and negative related to self-coldness (r = -.17, p < .05). No significant relationship could be found between self-compassion and physical activity (r = .12, p = .175). A significant moderate and negative relationship was discovered between self-coldness and self-compassion (r = -.47, p < .01). A linear regression analysis established that 3% of the variance of physical activity could be attributed to self-coldness (F(1,132) = 4.10, p < 0.05, R2 = .03). This current study supports the distinction between the positive dimension self-compassion and the negative dimension self-coldness. Additionally, it established that the definitions of self- compassion are varying between the positive dimension and the total score of the SCS. Furthermore, it presents self-coldness as possible inhibitor of adherence to physical activity levels and consequently, might open new possibilities for further interventions to maximize physical activity levels by implementing innovative approaches including the reduction of self-coldness levels in individuals.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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