University of Twente Student Theses

Login

Stress and Stress Mindsets in Relation to Substance Use Among University Students: A Moderation Analysis

Friedrichs, Paula Anna Marie (2019) Stress and Stress Mindsets in Relation to Substance Use Among University Students: A Moderation Analysis.

[img] PDF
222kB
Abstract:Previous research suggested a relationship between stress and substance use. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on this topic, especially with the target group students. This research constitutes the first large-scale research to gather descriptive data regarding stress, stress mindsets and substance use among the students of the University of Twente. Moreover, this research investigated whether a relationship between stress and substance use exists and if the stress mindset, the individual evaluation of stress, moderates this relationship. Data of 1328 students of the University of Twente have been gathered by means of a cross sectional online survey. The data was analyzed by means of SPSS Statistics v24. The students’ perceived stress was found to be on a moderate level (M = 27.3, SD = 8.57). However, 43,98% of the student sample fell in the category of severe stress. This finding was crucial, since it calls for action in regard to stress reduction. According to the SMM, the evaluation of stress was found to be rather negative among the students (M = 12.7, SD = 5.03). Moreover, the prevalence of severe substance consumption was relatively low regarding all the substances. In order to investigate the relationship between stress and substance use, a moderation analysis has been conducted for four substance categories: Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabis, Other substances. Results indicated that stress, assessed by measures of the PSS-14, did not have an effect on substance use. Moreover, the stress mindset, assessed with the SMM, did not manifest itself as having a moderating function.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78230
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page