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Balance in the satisfaction of basic psychological needs (SDT) across life domains and its relation to subjective wellbeing in university students

Kühne, C. (2019) Balance in the satisfaction of basic psychological needs (SDT) across life domains and its relation to subjective wellbeing in university students.

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Abstract:According to the Self‐Determination Theory, autonomy, competence, and relatedness are three intrinsic basic psychological needs that, if satisfied, will lead to greater psychological wellbeing. In addition, a balance hypothesis assumes balance among the needs to be a predictor of wellbeing, independent of the total amount of need satisfaction. This study examined student’s perceptions of their autonomy, competence, and relatedness across two life domains (i.e. friends, education), and how it was related to their subjective wellbeing. Using a cross-sectional survey design, it was tested whether balance among the needs within one life domain, and balance of the needs across the two life domains was related to subjective wellbeing. Findings revealed, that after controlling for individual need satisfaction, balance among the needs neither within nor across the life domains was a predictor of wellbeing. It is argued that may be due to the fact that specific needs are more fundamentally important in certain life domains than others. In the light of relevant past research, it is discussed why competence satisfaction might have played the major role in the educational context, with that being the case for autonomy in the friends-domain, and how that may have impacted balance’s influence on wellbeing.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78258
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