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Retraining Implicit Fatigue among University Students through CBM via an eHealth App

Vogel, Marietta (2019) Retraining Implicit Fatigue among University Students through CBM via an eHealth App.

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Abstract:Introduction: Fatigue among university students has serious restraints on their functional abilities, emotional well-being and academic outcomes. It was suggested that affected individuals often hold a self-concept bias by which they associate themselves with fatigue and react quicker to related stimuli. Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) has been used to retrain several cognitive biases, however improvement of CBM interventions, particularly lowering threshold of participation was proposed. Therefore, this study aimed at testing a CBM intervention applied via a smartphone app as a novel approach to retrain implicit self-concept biases in order to decrease fatigue among students. Methods: This study included a sample of 56 participants who conducted pre- and post-measurements, including the IAT (implicit fatigue) and CIS (explicit fatigue), as well as an intervention. The intervention included the IVY Training App which is based on a CBM self-concept training aimed at decreasing implicit fatigue. Participants practiced with IVY for around five minutes on a daily basis for two weeks. Results: Implicit as well as explicit fatigue scores were significantly lower after 14 days of practice with IVY. Higher effect sizes were revealed for implicit fatigue and for fatigue-biased participants at baseline measurement. However, adherence was not significantly correlated with the effect of the intervention on implicit fatigue. Among the feedback section, the app was mostly rated as “good” or “very good” and improvement for the IVY app was gathered. Discussion: As participants revealed significantly lower implicit and explicit fatigue, lowered self-concept fatigue biases can be suggested. Results indicate that the IVY app seems to be able to serve as a tool to promote vitality among students by retraining implicit fatigue. However, revision of the app and further research involving a control group is necessary.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78326
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