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Binge-watching and its influence on psychological well-being and important daily life duties : An Experience Sampling Study

Troles, Hannah (2019) Binge-watching and its influence on psychological well-being and important daily life duties : An Experience Sampling Study.

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Abstract:Background. The use of video-on-demand streaming services rapidly increased especially among younger individuals, resulting in the novel phenomenon ‘binge-watching, i.e. watching multiple episodes in one sitting. Some studies discovered that binge-watching has adverse effects on wellbeing, while other studies in contrast demonstrated that it enhances one’s mood. Nevertheless, research into the phenomenon is still limited. The present study used experience sampling (ESM) as the research method to investigate binge-watching in individuals’ natural environment. Aim. The study used ESM to gain a deeper insight into binge-watching behaviour, in terms of immediately generated psychological consequences and its impact on important daily life duties. Method. By using a mobile application, 45 participants including mainly students were required to complete daily questionnaires regarding their watching behaviour, daily life activities and feelings after watching over the course of 15 days. The obtained data was analysed using linear mixed model (LMM) analyses and simple bivariate correlation analyses with the estimated means. Results. The participants watched video streaming content on a regular basis with a daily mean of 89.48 minutes and an average of 2 episodes in a row with 44 % of the 15 days displaying bingingpatterns. A remarkably diverse pattern of watching time between participants was found, with one participant watching up to 6 hours a day. The LMMs analyses indicated that both daily life activities and psychological consequences were associated with watching video streaming content. Furthermore, significantly strong positive correlations were found between watching video streaming content and feeling more happy and relaxed afterwards. However, no significant correlations between negative psychological consequences and watching video streaming content were demonstrated. In addition, simple bivariate correlation analysis could not provide information on the nature of the association between watching time and the neglect of daily life activities. Conclusions. Predominantly positive effects were found, namely that participants tend to feel more happy and relaxed after watching. However, the study did not find evidence that watching video streaming content leads to adverse health effects or an extreme neglect of daily life duties. Overall, for the sample as a whole, watching video streaming content seems to build a normal part of entertainment and leisure time activities. Nevertheless, simple bivariate Post-Hoc correlation analyses were very crude and extremely underpowered for the sample. Moreover, the items measuring the neglect of the four daily life activities need to be considered with caution. Further research into binge-watching behaviour is essential. It is recommended to continue research using ESM to gain deeper insight into behavioural patterns of binge-watching and its negative influences on daily living.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78395
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