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Pilot-testing mobile intervention in the field of positive psychology

Schniederjohann, C. (2019) Pilot-testing mobile intervention in the field of positive psychology.

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Abstract:A pilot-test, covering the effectiveness of a mobile micro-intervention constructed within the field of positive psychology, is evaluated in terms of increased positive emotions, well-being, engagement, depression and anxiety. Now, as it has already been shown, that positive psychological interventions are effective, new ways of delivering such interventions are designed. Here, the focus lies on a mobile intervention. Questionnaires and interviews were used to assess the effect the intervention has on the participants in terms of the concepts. This pilot-test used ten participants, splitted into two groups, namely students (range 18-23) and adults (range 47-51), to investigate differences in the effect of the intervention due to the age of the participants. They were asked to use the application for two weeks. Every day, the app requested to perform a task aiming at enhancing their well-being. Results showed, that there were no statistical significant effects on any of the concepts measured in the questionnaire. However, for the interview data, clear improvements in multiple constructs, such as well-being or engagement have been found. Group differences were also partly demonstrated for anxiety and depression. These findings, based on the interviews, support the notion, that mobile interventions in the field of psychological suffering form an effective alternative to classical (face-to-face) treatment. This particular app can extend the horizon of eMentalHealth and may be tested by other researchers among other populations and age-groups, such as in a population of elderly people or in a pathological sample, where people are affected by depression or anxiety. Recommendations for a large-scale study are also identified within the research paper to achieve a more valid and representative outcome for future research.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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