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The Effect of Music and Musical Elements on Elderly People - A Scoped Systematic Literature Review

Schmidt, S (2019) The Effect of Music and Musical Elements on Elderly People - A Scoped Systematic Literature Review.

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Abstract:Background: Normal ageing leads elderly people progressively to experience problems like declining cognition, lower mental and physical health and a loss in their capabilities. Music was found to counteract those problems and has also shown to have a positive effect on the elderly’s life, including the elderly’s arousal and relaxation level, the quality of life and well-being, social behaviour and cognition. The aim of the review was to summarize existing findings in the field of music and its impact on elderly people. Method: The design of the study comprised a scoped systematic literature review. The database Scopus was used and the found documents were screened for its relevance by using eligibility criteria. Results: The screening process narrowed the initially found articles down to a total of ten studies. The studies have shown positive effects of music on the arousal, emotions, social behaviour, quality of life, well-being and cognition of elderly people. Conclusion: This review summarized the effect of music on elderly people which has been shown to be throughout positive. Due to the review’s limitations, the findings should generally be treated with caution but still offered a first insight into the topic and presented trends and the need for future research.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78433
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