University of Twente Student Theses


Revision of the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form: Testing Psychometric Properties

Wenglorz, L. (2019) Revision of the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form: Testing Psychometric Properties.

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Abstract:Measurement instruments for screening people’s well-being are intensively used in practice. For several years, the Mental Health Continuum -Short Form (MHC-SF), which includes 14 items, is commonly used. However, interpretation problems with the items, especially for the subscale of social well-being, are present. Therefore, a revised version (MHC-SF-R), including 19 items, was developed. To investigate psychometric properties of the MHC-SF-R, a validation study in a sample of University students was conducted (N=108). For assessing convergent validity, two additional constructs, theoretically related to well-being, were added, that were self-compassion and self-esteem. These were measured with the Self-compassion Scale – Short Form (SCS-SF) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). This cross- sectional study was conducted online with a questionnaire survey design. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) demonstrated poor fit to a four-factor model of the MHC-SF-R with emotional well-being, societal well-being, psychological well-being and relational well-being, especially present for societal well-being. CFA did not support a three-factor structure of the MHC-SF. Internal consistency of both versions was good for the total scale (a=.89). Except for the societal well-being dimension of the MHC-SF-R (a=.65), reliability was desirable for all subscales, ranging from .74 to .88. Convergent validity of both versions was supported by moderate to high correlations with the two additional measures. All in all, the MHC-SF-R was not recommended for practical use since the dimension of societal well-being could not reach acceptable results. However, as the other three dimensions proved to be reliable and valid, it was advised to promote research on a revised version of the MHC-SF, supplementing it by qualitative designs.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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