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Validation of the Mental Health Continuum Short Form – Revised : Examination of Model Fit, Internal Consistency, and Convergent Validity using Resilience and Self-Esteem

Böggemann, Max (2019) Validation of the Mental Health Continuum Short Form – Revised : Examination of Model Fit, Internal Consistency, and Convergent Validity using Resilience and Self-Esteem.

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Abstract:The most widely used instrument to measure well-being is the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form (MHC-SF). This cross-sectional, online survey study aimed to validate the revised version - the MHC-SF-R - by testing the factorial structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the MHC-SF-R and MHC-SF in a student sample (N=108). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated insufficient fit of the MHC-SF-R items to a four-factor model (emotional well-being (WB), psychological WB, societal WB, relational WB). Results showed good internal consistency for the total scale. However, the societal WB subscale performed poorly in terms of factor loadings and internal consistency. Evidence for convergent validity was found by comparing the scores of the MHC-SF-R to related measures of well-being. Firstly, self-esteem with the Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale and secondly, resilience with the Brief Resilience Scale. Results of the MHC-SF-R and the MHC-SF were compared, and both scales showed poor model fit. The emotional WB subscale of the MHC-SF-R performed better in terms of internal consistency and convergent validity. Moreover, the relational WB subscale performed good as well. By implementing further refinements, the MHC-SF-R could become a reliable and valid instrument to measure well-being.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78503
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