University of Twente Student Theses


Tough talk, soft approach : testing the theory of David Garland

Ewijjk, Anne van (2006) Tough talk, soft approach : testing the theory of David Garland.

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Abstract:Sometimes the field of crime policy can come across as a confusing environment of change. The ‘new managerialism’ is said to rule and public and political emotions occasionally seem to run wild. No wonder one turns to a scientific point of view for a comprehensive interpretation or explanation of new developments. One of these is the typology of David Garland. In his book ‘The Culture of Control’ (2002) he describes three different criminologies, ways of thinking about and reacting to crime. The first is the ‘criminology of penal-welfarism’. According to Garland this criminology has been increasingly superseded by two new criminologies: the ‘new criminologies of everyday life’ and the ‘criminology of the other’. The criminology of penal welfarism is a structure combining liberal legalism of due process and proportionate punishment with a correctionalist commitment to rehabilitation, welfare and criminological expertise. The new criminologies of everyday life are related to an all-pervasive managerialism, with performance indicators, new forms of system monitoring, information technology and financial auditing, which leads to a generalized cost-consciousness in the allocation of criminal justice resources. Central feature is a pragmatic approach, aimed at situational intervention and preventative behaviour-alterations of potential victims. Within the criminology of the other ‘quality of life’ and ‘zero tolerance’ policing initiatives appear. Harsh policies are created in the name of public security or in response to scandals. Crime is seen as the result of wanton, immoral behaviour from groups that are essentially different from us, normal people. Central feature is a populist, emotive approach. Although Garland’s is book much referred to in the world of criminology, the validity of this typology has never been empirically tested, apart from his own analysis of the situation in the United Kingdom and the United States. The goal of this master-thesis is therefore to: Test the validity of Garland’s criminologies for the Netherlands.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
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