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The changeability of the life mindset and the stress mindset - a three-armed randomized controlled trial study

Hülsmann, P.K. (2019) The changeability of the life mindset and the stress mindset - a three-armed randomized controlled trial study.

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Abstract:Background: There is some evidence that a mindset about intelligence for instance can be changed and that viewing intelligence as malleable could have a positive influence on the individual’s health. Thus, in general, the nature of mindsets is an important topic in order to facilitate an individual’s health. However, there is to my best knowledge limited research with regard to both the changeability of a life mindset as well as of a stress mindset. Aim: Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate whether individual’s mindsets with regard to life and stress can be changed after being faced by manipulation texts about either the life mindset or the stress mindset. Methods: A total of 155 participants (mean age = 34.43 years, 56.1% female, 43.2% male, 0.6% made no specification) were recruited from the German society and randomly assigned to either the life mindset condition, the stress mindset condition or the control condition. The online questionnaires were completed by the participants at baseline and one week later directly after receiving the particular manipulation text. Results: Chi-square analysis revealed no significant effect of a change of the life mindset in people of the life mindset condition after the manipulation compared to the people in the stress mindset condition and control condition. Further, no significant difference concerning the life mindset change between the stress mindset condition and the control condition was found. In contrast, post-hoc ANCOVA analyses illustrate a significant effect of a change of the stress mindset in people of the stress mindset condition after the manipulation compared to individuals in the life mindset condition and control condition. However, no significant difference was found between the life mindset condition and the control condition with regard to the change of the stress mindset. Discussion: It is unknown whether the life mindset manipulation text was impressive enough in order to elicit a change in life mindset or whether a life mindset is more difficult to change compared to a stress mindset because results revealed that the stress mindset manipulation text had a significant influence on individual’s stress mindset. In contrast, the life mindset manipulation text had no significant influence on people’s life mindset. Conclusion: An individual’s stress mindset can be changed by means of a manipulative text about this specific mindset whereas it seems that an individual’s life mindset is much more difficult to change. Further, no interchangeability effect was found because both manipulation texts, the stress mindset manipulation text as well as the life mindset manipulation text, had no significant effect on the other mindset respectively.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78627
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