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The relationship between trait anxiety, anxiety mindset and state anxiety

Stickel, Johannes (2019) The relationship between trait anxiety, anxiety mindset and state anxiety.

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Abstract:Due to the current lack of fitting treatments for anxiety, it is of interest to investigate which anxiety related concepts are best suited for interventions. One concept, the anxiety mindset, which measures whether a person believes that anxiety can be changed or not, has currently been evaluated as a promising predictor for anxiety symptoms. Trait anxiety, the predisposition of a person to experience anxiety, was also established as a predictor for anxiety symptoms. In this study, the anxiety mindset was evaluated in the relationship between trait anxiety and state anxiety. The research question was: What is the relationship between trait anxiety, anxiety mindset and state anxiety? This question was investigated with the use of a mediation analysis, in which trait anxiety was the independent variable, anxiety mindset the mediator variable and state anxiety the dependent variable. An online questionnaire with the belonging measures was filled out by participants acquired with a convenience sample. The outcomes of the study show that trait anxiety was able to significantly predict anxiety mindset and state anxiety. Further, the anxiety mindset was not able to predict state anxiety. Moreover, there was no mediation effect of anxiety mindset on the relationship between trait and state anxiety. It was concluded that a person with high trait anxiety is likely to see anxiety as fixed and that the anxiety mindset can be perceived as being part of the concept of trait anxiety. In the light of this study, trait anxiety was evaluated as the better predictor for anxiety symptoms. Future research might investigate the thought patterns of trait anxiety to foster the development of effective and efficient anxiety treatment.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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