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Validation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form Revised in an English Speaking Student Population

Dostall, Alexander (2019) Validation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form Revised in an English Speaking Student Population.

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Abstract:The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form Revised (MHC-SF-R) is the revised version of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF), a self-report questionnaire for assessing positive mental health. Since previous research revealed that various items in the MHC-SF are ambiguous and that the MHC-SF does not contain any item measuring relational well-being, the MHC-SF-R was developed for overcoming these shortcomings. In the MHC-SF-R the underlying structure of MHC-SF’s emotional, psychological and social well-being dimension was taken over, the social well-being dimension was renamed into societal well-being and a fourth dimension investigating relational well-being was added. The primary aim of this study was to validate the MHC-SF-R by examining its factorial structure, internal consistency and convergent validity. The secondary aim was to investigate how the MHC-SF-R performs in comparison with the MHC-SF regarding psychometric properties. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey design was implemented and a convenient sample consisting of 107 English speaking students was utilized for analysis. For comparing MHC-SF-R’s psychometric properties with MHC-SF’s, the sample was split into two groups (MHC-SF-R/ MHC-SF). Against expectations, MHC-SF-R’s model fit was not acceptable. Consistent with expectations, internal consistency for MHC-SF-R’s total scale was high and convergent validity with related questionnaires was good. All of MHC-SF-R’s subscales, except its societal well-being scale, displayed at least acceptable internal consistency indicating that the societal well-being scale needs further improvement. Due to the small sample, it was not possible to use the appropriate estimation method for conducting confirmatory factory analysis. Therefore, it is suggested to reexamine MHC-SF-R’s model fit since in case future research reveals an acceptable model fit and internal consistency of MHC-SF-R’s societal WB scale can be improved, the MHC-SF-R becomes a more comprehensive instrument for investigating positive mental health than the MHC-SF. However, for the time being the MHC-SF should be preferred over the MHC-SF-R.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Keywords:Mental Health Continuum-Short Form Revised, MHC-SF-R, Mental wellbeing, Psychometric properties, Validation, Factorial structure, Validity, Positive mental health, Internal consistency, Positive psychology
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