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Are we there yet? An analysis of the Dutch migration policy and its efforts in receiving, detecting and sheltering potentially radicalised children from jihadist circles.

Grootjans, M. (2019) Are we there yet? An analysis of the Dutch migration policy and its efforts in receiving, detecting and sheltering potentially radicalised children from jihadist circles.

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Abstract:A policy and practical gap exists between child returnees from the Islamic State and the jihadism in the asylum chain in the Netherlands. Academic research has shown that returnees could execute terrorist attacks, spread the jihadist ideology or recruit new fighters in the Netherlands. More increasingly, such tasks are performed by young children. This study aims at laying down this role of children as external operatives within the context of migration. Building on existing literature, policy documents, international legislation and interviews, it asks: To what extent does the Dutch migration policy reckon with children coming from (former) Islamic State-territories? In this context, child returnees are defined as human beings below the age of 18 who return to the EU after having lived in the IS Caliphate for a longer period of time with the aim of pursuing the jihadist ideology. Complementing the qualitative document analysis, two interviews were conducted with practitioners. Analysis showed that the Netherlands perceives children as victims rather than perpetrators and makes minimal efforts in designing the migration policy and migration chain to such an extent where the potential danger of child returnees is embedded. Further research is needed to adequately address this issue.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78879
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