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Impulsivity, adolescents risk-taking & the role of risk exposure in two settings

Platenkamp, Tamara (2019) Impulsivity, adolescents risk-taking & the role of risk exposure in two settings.

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Abstract:The present study investigated the role of alcohol exposure (i.e. risk exposure) in the relationship between adolescents' impulsivity and alcohol use. Namely, we investigated whether the relationship between impulsivity and alcohol use was mediated by alcohol exposure. A second part of the study experimentally manipulated risk exposure, and investigated whether the relationship between impulsivity and risk-taking on the Columbia Card Task (CCT) was moderated by risk exposure. Thus, risk exposure was investigated both as a mediator and moderator. The sample of this study contained 68 adolescents (16-23 years) from four regional education center (ROC) classes, who were per class randomly assigned to a CCT version with either high or low risk exposure. In addition, we used a survey to collect data about adolescents' level of impulsivity, alcohol exposure, and alcohol use. No significant results were found regarding risk exposure as moderator. However, participants with higher alcohol exposure were found to have higher levels of alcohol consumption. Furthermore, results also supported for an indirect-only mediation, indicating that impulsivity predicts adolescent alcohol use via alcohol exposure. For this reason, policy recommendations are suggested regarding alcohol exposure, whereby i.e. alcohol stores or bars should not be too close located to schools or college.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/79161
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