University of Twente Student Theses


Help Individuals at the University of Twente quit smoking with the strength-based approach combined with self-management techniques

Berge, H.J. ten (2019) Help Individuals at the University of Twente quit smoking with the strength-based approach combined with self-management techniques.

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Abstract:Background Smoking can lead to long-lasting damage to the body and might result in premature death. When smoking addicts stop smoking before the age of 35 there might be no lasting damage. Smoking cessation can be upheld by increasing the self-management of the addict. The self-management behaviour of the addict can be improved by increasing the well-being of the individual through the application of a strength-based approach in the form of an eHealth app. A specific way to make new interventions is to follow the user cantered design because it allows for a cooperation between the user and researcher. Methods Interviews were held with two individuals to investigate the self-management behaviour and the needs of the user when increasing their self-management. The data gathered from these interviews was analysed and was the basis for creating a lo-fi prototype. The lo-fi prototype was tested by letting the two original participants and four additional participants perform several tasks while thinking out loud. Besides a SUS questionnaire was filled in by all the participants. Results Five themes were found during the interviews, (1)the general smoking behaviour of the participants, (2)what motivated smokers to quit, (3)how individuals self-manage, (4)what persuasive features were wanted in an intervention, (5)several suggestion for a possible intervention. A lo-fi prototype was made in the form of an eHealth app with the possibility to contact real-life health or social workers. The usability testing led to a positive outcome and SUS score of 81 which is above average. Conclusion Participants seemed to start smoking around 16:00 o’clock and self-management seemed to be dependent on the motivation of the smoker to stop. Besides was the persuasive feature rewards most wanted to replace the smoking. The participants thought the lo-fi prototype was usable but, the strength-based approach was not important towards increasing the self-management of the smoker. Therefore, further research needs to be done towards the relation between using the strength-based approach and increasing the motivation to help smoking addicts quit.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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