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A Barfight in Virtual Reality: Assessing the Effects of Emotional States and Personality Traits on the Intention to Aggress

Weber, J. (2019) A Barfight in Virtual Reality: Assessing the Effects of Emotional States and Personality Traits on the Intention to Aggress.

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Abstract:The current study had three goals, with the first goal to replicate the findings by Van Gelder, De Vries, Demetriou, Sintemaartensdijk and Donker (2019), who found that Realism and Presence are perceived to be higher in a virtual reality (VR) scenario compared to a traditional written scenario. The second goal was to investigate whether or not the traits Agreeableness, Emotionality and the emotional states Anger, and Anxiety have an effect on an individual’s Intention to Aggress. The third goal was to examine to what extent the emotional states mediate the relation between the traits and the Intention to Aggress. The final dataset included 151 Dutch, male participants who were mostly students of the University of Twente. Through random allocation the participants either experienced a “bar-fight” scenario in VR or read it. Subsequently, participants were presented with questionnaires measuring, Intention to Aggress, State Anger, State Anxiety, Presence, Realism and the traits Emotionality and Agreeableness. Results indicated that both Agreeableness and State Anxiety have a negative and State Anger to have a positive effect on Intention to Aggress. Additionally, the results indicated that part of the effect of Agreeableness operates via State Anger. Furthermore, participants scored higher on Realism, Presence and Intention to Aggress in the VR condition. It seems that by using VR, participants experience the scenario as more intense and react to it more similar to how they would react in real life. Thus, the first goal was achieved, and the researcher concluded that VR has several advantages over written scenarios when investigating the Intention to Aggress.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/79277
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