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Health Related Quality of Life, Character Strengths and The Role of Coping Style in patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Stage four and five in Aruba.

Geerman, Vandana (2019) Health Related Quality of Life, Character Strengths and The Role of Coping Style in patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Stage four and five in Aruba.

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Abstract:Background: Chronic Kidney Disease is a well-known health problem that challenges the Health Related Quality of Life for people in Aruba. Strengths and Coping styles have been identified as predictors of Health Related Quality of life. However, no research was found assessing Health Related Quality of Life, Character Strengths and the role of Coping styles in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Therefore, this research aims to a) Investigate the Health Related Quality of Life in patients living with Chronic Kidney Disease stages four and five; (b) Examine the association between character strengths and Health Related Quality of Life; (c) Assess patients coping styles in CKD stages four and five and lastly and (d) analyze whether Coping styles” mediate or moderate the relationship between Character Strengths and Health Related Quality of Life. Method: A total of 89 males and females with Chronic Kidney Disease stages 4 and 5 participated in this study. The SF-36 was used to assess Health Related Quality of Life, Character Strengths Rating Form was used to assess Character Strengths and The Brief COPE was used to assess coping styles. Furthermore, the PROCESS macro was used to analyze coping styles for mediation/moderation effect in the relationship between Character Strengths and Health related Quality of Life. Results: Patient’s mean score on Health Related Quality of Life was considered average U = 60.3. The Character Strength that best described patients was Transcendence. Patients irrespective of gender and stage of illness used more Active Coping styles compared to Passive Coping styles. Low levels of Active and medium/high levels of Passive Coping styles partially moderated the relationship between Character Strengths and three Health related Quality of life subscales. Conclusion: HRQoL in Patients with CKD stage 4 and 5 in Aruba is considered average compared to other countries. Transcendence is the Character strength that best described the patients in this sample. Active coping styles are predominantly used to cope with illness. While HRQoL, Coping styles and Character Strengths may have singular roles in contributing to a good Health related Quality of life, both active and passive coping styles can compensate for the deficient impact of Character Strengths on Health Related Quality of Life.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Dr.Horacio E. Oduber Hospital, Noord, Aruba
Imsan Health Clinic Aruba, San-Nicolaas, Aruba
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/80009
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