University of Twente Student Theses


Is it necessity or opportunity? : A research into the drivers of migrant entrepreneurs in Germany and The Netherlands

Erdogan, K.D. (2019) Is it necessity or opportunity? : A research into the drivers of migrant entrepreneurs in Germany and The Netherlands.

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Abstract:The gastronomy industry in Germany and The Netherlands is facing high rates of fluctuations in terms of new business launches or failing businesses on a daily basis. As migrant entrepreneurs lead the highly uncertain industry, the study aimed to understand the drivers of those entrepreneurs. A qualitative analysis on the drivers’ necessity and opportunity provides new insights and perspectives. Therefore interviews with fourteen migrant entrepreneurs in the gastronomy sector and an online questionnaire with migrant entrepreneurs were conducted. The findings illustrate that the educational background of an individual influences the drivers. Next to that, the ethnical background influences the entrepreneurial entry of an individual as well. The analysis illustrates that a considerable amount of the interview respondents are opportunity driven entrepreneurs as improving the financial situation is seen as a key motivator to become an entrepreneur. Surprisingly, the interview respondents are not concordant with the theoretical concept of necessity driven entrepreneurship, in which it is stated that those entrepreneurs appear as result of lack of choices. According to the respondents, working in low wage sectors is coupled with existential fear even though the governmental guaranteed minimum pension ensures that the basic needs are covered. The aforementioned finding suggests that the term necessity driven entrepreneurship needs be evaluated for each circumstance separately. As necessity driven entrepreneurs might be more existent in Germany and The Netherlands than expected.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Business Administration MSc (60644)
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